Agitate, Educate, and Organize ~OO~
the years of K–12 classroom teaching experience
of the last three NYC schools chancellors
— Dennis Walcott, Cathy Black and Joel Klein —
was nearly zero.”
The people who run hospitals are not doctors or medical professionals.
And the people who run schools are not professional educators or teachers.
“Thomas Mann was the first secretary of the Massachusetts State Board of Education established in 1837, and for the next twelve years he conducted an energetic campaign for a school system paid for by government and controlled by professional educators. … Despite vast difficulties and vigorous opposition…the main outlines of [the kind of system urged by Mann] were achieved by the middle of the 19th century….
This foundation was based on logic and rhetoric.
But the United States was not unique in moving from a mostly private to a mostly governmental system of schools. “One authority has described ‘the gradual acceptance of the view that education ought to be a responsibility of the state’ as the “most significant” of the general trends of the nineteenth century “that were still influencing education in all western countries in the second half of the 20th century.”8 Interestingly enough, this trend began in Prussia in 1808, and in France, under Napoleon, about the same time. Britain was even later than the United States.
In worldwide rankings more than half of the top 100 universities, and eight of the top ten, are American. The scientific output of American institutions is unparalleled. And thanks to the efforts of Mann and Dewey, American schools became more effective than their British counterparts and exceeded the quality of schools in myriad nations even before the World Wars.